Just one hundred years ago, most of the worlds population faced similar health issues; there was a high burden of infectious diseases, high death rate and short life expectancy. Recent years have seen significant progress in human health. Thanks to modern medicine, we are living longer and healthier. Yet whilst medical technology has advanced to the point where we can grow artificial organs and even create mitochondrial transfer IVF babies, the world still holds many people dying of preventable diseases. Global Health draws from a large number of academic disciplines to investigate why such vast disparities between and within countries still exist.
As globalisation continues, the importance of international governance to address global health issues has never been more pertinent. The United Nations, government health authorities, non-governmental organisations, lobbyists and international businesses are only some of the important players in global health governance, highlighting not only its pluralist nature but also the extent of the multidisciplinary approach to talking challenges in global health. But who are these organisations? What do they stand for? How do they come together to develop public health policies? My next post will attempt to answer these questions and explain the complex system that is global health governance!